Friday, January 5, 2018

Global Markets in Twenty Seventeen

US
2017 began with Trump’s inaugural speech after he took over The Oval Office in January. It was surreal and scary how serious he was about his radical foreign policy. There were protests and demand for impeachment at the start of the year. But like most things in life, it died down and our man continues to reign.  A bevy of changes to the tax code at the individual, corporate and international level came into effect at the start of 2018.  Large companies are getting a big cut to the corporate tax rates – down to 21% from 35%. This may convert itself into heavy perks and financial benefits to employees. Better consumer sentiment and more consumer spending? Making America great again?

FED kept it slow and easy with a 75 basis points increase over 3 rate hikes as FOMC continued to be wary of low inflation.  While the unemployment rate stayed low, wages remained at a decent level and growth surprised on the upside, it maybe a year before aggressive hikes happened. Change of Guard at the Federal Reserve may not mean change of stance.  But I would wait and watch.

Euro Zone 
surprised positively. Macron won the French election giving us hope that the world is not moving to far right in a hurry; his pro-Euro and pro-immigrant stance help heal deep wounds post Brexit and Trump’s protectionism. Chancellor Angela Merkel won (albeit precariously) the 4th term in German elections; however here, hard right AfD managed to enter parliament.

ECB continues its asset purchase, to a lesser extent though and said in no uncertain terms that it would continue its accommodative stance for as long as needed. This could mean all of 2018, though the economic indicators including growth - are starting to look better.

UK
Brexit is being the single source of pain for the sluggishness in the UK economy as it stifles policy advances.  The entire nation is in a limbo as the policy makers are distracted with goings-on in Brussels (which so far, is pretty much nil). Amidst this Brexit ennui, there are still hopes that Brexit could be reversed in 2018. Realistically, what looks likely is a soft Brexit that too in a last minute agreement (March 2019) as EU continues to play hardball.

China
In Communist Party Congress's 5 yearly summit, Xi Jinping has consolidated his control over the machinery of the Chinese government. The Party congress approved the amendment of the official Communist Party Constitution to include “Xi Jinping Thought of Socialism with Chinese Characteristics in the New Era” which is his vision for China’s future. With this, Xi joins revered party legend Mao Zedong to have their official thought enshrined in the Party’s Constitution while still in office.

Global Equities
Global growth, lax monetary policy across developed nations, new tax legislation, low volatility (one important indicator is the CBOE volatility index, known as Wall Street’s fear gauge - fell to a record low) coupled with investor’s complacency (or is it irrational exuberance? We miss you Mr. Greenspan) have helped equities soar across the globe. One research shows, of the 73 bourses tracked globally all but nine have recorded gains, this year.

USD
Dollar index has had a tough year with hopes of quicker rate hikes fading away. Also the single currency’s strength with improved geopolitical and economic situation and Pound’s recovery added to the woes of greenback. With US inflation likely to be low, market’s expecting another 75 bps cut this year – this may not be the best news for Dollar this year too. For the same reason and with benign interest rates across the globe, equities may have another profitable year.

India
At home, coming on the heels of demonetization, introduction of GST and botched up implementation threw businesses off track. Strong polarizing views continue as regards the current Government and it will only get more intense as we approach election year.  Rupee, however has been gaining on the back of weak dollar. With the crude where it is, this should help and there hasn’t been much of resistance from RBI in letting Rupee soar. The trend should continue, domestic political surprises not withstanding.

What do we watch for going into 2018?
      1. Geopolitical stress – what with Trump and Kim Jong Un continuing their war of words which has currently reached debating sizes of their nuclear buttons, Fastest finger? Scary!
2. Developments in Brexit discussions – will it get anywhere?
3. General elections in Italy
4. New FED chair Jerome Powell’s tone
5. Bitcoin – this reached dizzying heights both in terms of value and popularity in 2017. What next? Collapse? Better liquidity and depth?
6. Flattening Yield Curve – New normal or a warning sign for an economic slowdown?